Tor browser is a common name that we get to hear when we talk about the deep web links or tor links. Even we can assume that you know what a tor browser is. However, there is a common question that most of the people have in their mind which is how does tor work?
Well if you happen to have the same question in your head. Then we are here to help you out. So let’s just jump into the topic:
How does tor work?
Tor browser which is basically known as the “The Onion Router”. Well, it is an anonymization service that makes difficult for the trackers to trace your internet activity down. The system was designed to protect your online privacy.
The tor network works by routing internet traffic through the tor network servers which are managed by volunteers around the globe.
Hence as a result whenever the traffic travels through these services. The traffic and activities stay between the servers, and it gets encrypted.
However, when the traffic travels through the tor network, it gets encrypted and re-encrypted multiple times until it does not reach to the exit node. Or you can say the last server in the tor network. Even when the traffic leaves the last server, the traffic gets decrypted. Hence it becomes tough for the trackers to find out who the sender is.
However, each server can see the IP address of your traffic. However, finding out the whole path is impossible for anyone. To make the security tighter, each path stays live for about 10 minutes only. Then again the new random paths are generated.
Also each time you connect to a new website the tor browser creates a new random path for you. This is what makes your connection private and prevents the ISPs to track you down.
Even the websites that you will visit will not have any idea about your IP address. The websites can only see the IP address of the exit server.
According to the Tor, “Tor helps to reduce the risks of both simple and sophisticated traffic analysis by distributing your transactions over several places on the Internet so that no single point can link you to your destination. The idea is similar to using a twisty, hard-to-follow route in order to throw off somebody who is tailing you – and then periodically erasing your footprints. Instead of taking a direct route from source to destination, data packets on the Tor network take a random pathway through several relays that cover your tracks so no observer at any single point can tell where the data came from or where it’s going.”
Basically, Tor’s strength depends on the numbers of volunteers. The more volunteers are helping the tor network to run the more secure connection you get to use.
Also, tor is completely free to use. Just go to the www.torproject.org website and download the specific version for your computer. Anyway if you have any questions regarding Tor then check out this depth guide about tor.