The Royal Proclamation of 1763, which was issued under the rule of King George III in England, created special land rights for aboriginal people in Canada. As such the need arose for official aboriginal law in the growing colonial land throughout North America.
The framework for later aboriginal laws that was put in place then can make things certainly difficult for a business today, as well as for the native settlements across Canada. This is why it is important to understand how the law pertains to your business or how you may be affected by it. For legal advice, Edmonton businesses should consult with a law firm that specializes in the nuances of aboriginal law.
Aboriginal Law for Businesses
There are a few areas in the law that are good to consult a lawyer about for your business. If your company operates as an aboriginal business and will interact with organizations in other aboriginal reserves you need to be aware of the way of doing things on that reserve. Regulations will vary from place to place and you will need to know the proper procedures. There are also a number of federal regulations dealing with reserves, as well as provincial regulations. All of these intersect one another, making the law even harder to understand. If you are an aboriginal business you may even be able to receive certain tax benefits, which is why it is a good idea to consult a law firm on the subject.
Certain Acts that Affect Aboriginal Law
Over the years, a number of legislative measures enacted by Parliament have shaped the law with respect to aboriginal peoples and businesses.
- Indian Act: This act applies to only the First Nations people and includes regulations on daily life on reserves, including the care of minors and resource management. There have been many attempts to reform the Indian Act, but instead other acts like the First Nations Land Management Act (1999) have been passed to move First Nations reserves toward self-government.
- Métis Settlements Act: This act, passed by the Alberta government in 1990, establishes eight settlement corporations as legal entities and with this act the Métis people received the legal title transfer for the land. The act also established the Métis Settlement Appeals tribunal, which helps with dispute resolution on matters such as membership and land use.
- Métis Settlements Land Protection Act: This act helped land transfer from the Provincial Crown to the Métis Settlement.
These acts and more affect the daily lives of aboriginal people and businesses in Canada, which is why it is necessary to seek guidance from a lawyer when the need arises. Changes in these acts and others that have been enacted require the legal advice of lawyer.
Aboriginal law can cover many areas of the First Nations people, including contract issues, environment protection, housing issues and issues involving lending and financing. In addition, the right firm can give you prompt guidance for employment issues, land disputes and advice on the process for partnering with the General Council.
If you need legal advice Edmonton lawyers specializing in aboriginal law are ready to answer any questions you may have.